This is a most common type of Schizophrenia in which the person gets more hallucinations and delusions.
The life of such paranoid schizophrenics is marked by suspicions, isolation and doubts about others that the invisible visions and un-hearable sounds tortures them and they are not able to lead a normal life and proceeds for daily waking nightmares.
HERE ARE THE COMMON PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA SYMPTOMS:
- Hallucinations & Delusions: They hear and see visions which are not there in real.
- In anger which is unexplainable.
- Gets disconnected emotionally & mentally with the known or near ones.
- They get severely anxious and agitated.
- Behaviour becomes too much argumentative.
- Prefer self-importance and believes that he or she has special powers.
- They get frequent suicidal thoughts and behavior also becomes negative and suicidal.
- Behavior is too much violent and proceed for violent tendencies.
FAST FACTS ON PARANOID IN SCHIZOPHRENIA:
The Paranoid or any other Schizophrenics have a lot many confusions and fear and lives in a delusion that someone is plotting against them.
From 2013, as per the various case studies and researches, it has been stated that the subtype Paranoid Schizophrenia is not separate but a part of Schizophrenia.
The patients diagnosed with Schizophrenia can manage their conditions through various Medications and other treatments. But lifelong treatment is required for Schizophrenics as no one can guarantee about the symptoms not to relapse again after medications and various treatments.
Schizophrenia is a chronic and long term psychiatric issue. In this condition, the person is unable to think clearly and affects the whole thought process. It impacts the affected person too much in their feelings and makes them unable to communicate, to focus, to complete tasks, to sleep, and to relate to others.
APART FROM THE ABOVE MENTIONED, THE SYMPTOMS OF PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA CAN ALSO INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING:
1. Thinking getting too much disorganised.
2. Demotivated to do anything and always facing lack in motivation.
3. Getting too slow in any movement.
4. The sleep timings and sleeping patterns get changed a lot.
5. Becomes least attentive to hygiene.
6. Gets lot of changes in their body language and emotions.
7. They also become least interested in the social activities.
8. Feels low sex drive.
These symptoms will not be there in everyone diagnosed with the Schizophrenia issue. Such symptoms often occur in the ages of 16 to 30 years. There is an early or Prodromal phase of illness when a person is noticed with changes in sleep patterns, emotions, motivation, communication, and ability to think clearly. The acute episode with such symptoms is more severe. When the condition is acute, then there may be feelings of panic, anger, and depression. Through such changes one can be frightened when he or she never expects to happen like this.
If proper treatment and support is provided then a person can cope-up with Schizophrenia. Proper medications and treatment therapies helps a lot in stabilizing the condition and many of them start living and working as they will without such condition of Schizophrenia. But if a person stops with the medication and other treatment therapies, then the schizophrenic symptoms often reoccur. So it is always good and positive to go for lifelong Schizophrenic treatment when diagnosed with it.
In Paranoid Schizophrenia, delusions & hallucinations are the most common symptoms. A delusion is something the person believes is true, even when strong evidence is there that it is untrue. For example, the person may believe that someone they know is planning to harm them. In hallucinations, there may be auditory hallucinations, or hearing things that are not there, and perceptual disturbances. Visual hallucinations sometimes occur. By such conditions, a person is led to physical and emotional detachment, social withdrawal anger and anxiety. Many Paranoid Schizophrenics becomes fearful and usually avoids others. Some of them express their fear and frustration through aggression and violence. But many of them keep violating the true facts and become target for exploitation.
The exact causes for Schizophrenia are unclear, but it probably involves a combination of genetic factors and environmental triggers. Symptoms may occur due to imbalance in the neurotransmitters of Dopamine and Serotonin.
Genetically, the chances of getting diagnosed with Schizophrenia is more if anyone in the family has suffered from it. If there is no family history, the chances of developing Schizophrenia are below 1 percent. If a parent had the schizophrenic condition, there is a 10 percent chance of developing it.
MEDICATION & TREATMENT FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA
For the treatment of Schizophrenia, lifelong treatment is required even if the medications starts receding the symptoms.
The disturbing thoughts, hallucinations & delusions can be reduced by Antipsychotics which can be given as pills or as liquids or timely injections, but these medications do have some side effects for which one has to be prepared with.
Depending on the individual symptoms, other drugs which can be included are antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs, and a mood-stabilizing medication.
A person with severe symptoms or condition may require to be hospitalised to keep the person in safe environment, provide with proper nutrition and stabilize their sleep.
The acceptance of lifelong continuous medication and treatment for any of the Schizophrenics is not easy for all to accept with. If they stop taking their medication, the symptoms can relapse. Hospitalization can help people get back onto their medication while keeping them safe.
The chances of Schizophrenic symptoms getting relapsed can be reduced by Psychotherapy, counselling, and social and vocational skills training which also help the patients to live independently without the fear of symptoms getting relapsed. Support can be provided by including improvement in communication skills, finding work and housing, and joining a support group.
When the patient reaches extreme severity in Schizophrenia, then ECT (Electroconvulsive Therapy) is used which involves sending an electric current through the brain to produce controlled seizures, or convulsions. Through such seizures, a massive trigger in the neurochemicals in the brain is expected, deficit or imbalance of which causes Schizophrenia. In the side effects of ECT, there can be short-term memory loss. ECT is taken for when the patient doesn’t responds to any other medication or treatment therapies for healing Schizophrenia.
Lifelong support is necessary for Schizophrenics as they often stop taking medications within the first 12 months as they notice certain positive changes due to the medication and starts feeling that they can stop the medication as they are improving, but do not adhere to the fact that the symptoms can relapse after stopping their medication and treatment.
There may be a lot many complications if any person diagnosed with Paranoid Schizophrenia does not receive proper treatment and care. Then, there is a severe and serious risk of severe mental health, physical health, financial, behavioral, and legal problems.
THE POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS CAN BE:
1. Getting into depression
2. Frequent suicidal thoughts and behavior
3. Not having proper meals and suffer with malnutrition
4. Getting unemployed when the symptoms relapse
5. Social detachment leading to homelessness
6. Not allowed or able to move out independently so feeling to be in prison
7. Disorganized thoughts and behavior leading to inability to study
8. Being a victim of crime
9. Illnesses related to substance abuse and tobacco smoking